Throughout his career, Aaron experienced hate and vitriol on and off the field for the simple fact that he was an African American.
“The same way Jackie Robinson had to go through hell to become a Major League Baseball player, Hank Aaron had to go through hell after doing one of the greatest things in the history of sports,” said Peter Golenbock, author of the biography “Hank Aaron: Brave in Every Way,” in an interview with CNN.
Here’s a look at the racial barriers Aaron broke, and the legacy he leaves behind.
He faced racism on and off the field
Aaron was born in 1934 and grew up in and around Mobile, Alabama.
Civil rights leader Andrew Young, who said he and Aaron shared a close friendship since 1965, told CNN that the racism Aaron experienced began in childhood.
Aaron’s mother would summon him from the baseball field to come home and hide under the bed because the Ku Klux Klan was riding through the neighborhood, Young said. But he was never deterred, going right back outside to finish playing when the Klan left.
During his time in the minor leagues, Aaron was met with racism both inside and outside the stadium. In Jacksonville, Florida, fans threw rocks, wore mops on their heads to mock Black players and threw black cats onto the field.
But Aaron pressed on, and his success ultimately landed him in his first major league game with the Milwaukee Braves in 1954. Over the next two decades, he would cement his status as a baseball icon. He was named MVP, received several Gold Glove awards, broke numerous records and led the Braves to win the World Series in 1957.
His accomplishments were met with hate
Though some of the mail was positive, the threats Aaron received were so serious that the FBI launched an investigation into them.
The racism and death threats “rolled off his back like water off a duck’s back,” Young said.
“It says a lot about the way his mother and father raised him,” Young, who visited Aaron’s family in Atlanta on Friday morning, told CNN. “He was a child of the South, he was a child of racism, but he never let it bother him publicly. He never let it slow him down or change his focus in life.”
Instead, the hate that came his way only motivated Aaron to work harder toward his goal.
On April 8, 1974, Aaron hit his 715th home run at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium — finally breaking the career record held by Ruth. It was a historic moment for Atlanta, for baseball and for American history.
His legacy extends well beyond baseball
Aaron ended his legendary playing career in 1976 with a total of 755 home runs.
“Retiring as the last Major League player to have played in the Negro Leagues, Aaron’s career can be seen as a symbolic bridge from the dark days of segregation to an era of greater opportunity,” National Urban League President and CEO Marc H. Morial said in a statement.
Aaron continued to speak out against racism in the sport after retirement, remaining engaged in community advocacy and the fight for civil rights.
Aaron served on the NAACP board and also founded the Chasing the Dream Foundation, which funded programs that helped underserved youth develop their talents and pursue their dreams.
NAACP President Derrick Johnson said Aaron will be remembered for overcoming racial barriers, not only in baseball but also the civil rights movement.
“I would hope athletes from all sports will look at his legacy as an example of how to use their platforms for social good and to advance the causes of civil rights,” Johnson said.
“He’s an example of how to overcome adversity, but he is also an example of the many people who are confronted with barriers today that shouldn’t be there.”
Fans gathered to pay their respects
The news of Aaron’s death reverberated across generations of baseball fans, many of whom gathered at his statue at Atlanta’s former Turner Field to pay their respects.
One of those people was Norris Herring, who described himself as a big sports fan. He told CNN that he grew up admiring Aaron’s contributions to baseball and considered him a hero.
“My father talked about him a lot,” Herring said. “Growing up in that time of the civil rights movement, my father and my grandparents would talk about certain heroes they just looked up to and admired. It brought that same type of admiration to me as well.”
Danny Welch, who grew up in New York, described Aaron as “so much bigger than one of the greatest baseball players of all time.”
“Hank Aaron represents a higher type of individual, someone I would always aspire to be both on and off the field,” Welch told CNN while getting emotional.
“I think that’s why this is such an emotional day for me and for Americans and for all people around the world who know of Hank Aaron and what he represents.”
CNN’s Austin Steele and Jen Christensen contributed to this report.